• * a sonnet is 14 lines, - generally 10 syllables
  • * each line has 5 stresses
  • * lines are grouped in 4's called a quatrain (3 total)
  • * end line rhymes are ABBA or ABAB
  • * final 2 lines are a couplet, end lines rhyme. - AA

  • Iamb = ta-DA (1 unstressed syllable and 1 stressed syllable)
  • Trochee = TA-da (1 stressed syllable and 1 unstressed syllable)
  • Anapest = ta-ta-DA (Two unstressed + 1 stressed syllable)
  • Spondee = TA-TA (1 Stressed + 1 Stressed)
  • Dactyl = TA-da-da (1 Stressed + 1 Unstressed + 1 Unstressed)

  • example:

  • A (dia)mond (in) the (dark) is (just) a (stone,) -- - 5 iambs
  • whose (fa)cet (fa)ces (own) no (in)ner (fire.) -- - 5 iambs
  • It's (bril)liance (is) de(rived) from (light) on (loan,) -- - 5 iambs
  • how(ev)er (bright) it's (spar)kle (might) a(spire.) -- - 5 iambs

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